← Conditional Statement in Java|set 1 Java Logical Operators → 1 thought on “ Conditional Statement in Java|set 2 ” Pingback: JAVA For Android Developer– Tutorial, Examples, And Programs | hellotech. It can be used to route program execution through two different paths. _visible = FALSE;. NET Little Wonders: Null Conditional Operator in C# 6. A Java operator is the symbol that you put in the conditional statements of your control structures (for the most part). This results in 2. In this tutorial we will learn about JavaScript logical operators. The results are not recorded anywhere and do not affect your grade. (In fact, you may remember "order of operations" from secondary school algebra. "The null conditional operator prevents the execution of a method if the caller object is null. c program leap year using conditional operator C program to find leap year using conditional operator - InstanceOfJava This is the java programming blog on "OOPS Concepts" , servlets jsp freshers and 1, 2,3 years expirieance java interview questions on java with explanation for interview examination. Note: The Math class in the. Let’s see the following conditional statements 1. The operator is written as. Java Ternary operator is used as one liner replacement for if-then-else statement and used a lot in java programming. CoffeeScript itself will output Array. The Java Script Conditional Operator uses a question mark (?) and a colon (:) as a short-cut way to create an if/else statement. This article provides details about using these operators. But you're just testing a variable for a particular condition. And there are numerous compilers for other languages - prolog, scheme, etc. The ternary operator has a lower precedence than logical operators and most other operators. The ternary operator "?:" earns its name because it's the only operator to take three operands. General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) On May 25, 2018, a new privacy law called the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) takes effect in the European Union (EU). The result of the evaluation is either true or false. The operators used in such expressions are referred to simply as operators. Write java program to scan 3 integers values from the user and display the minimum value using conditional operator. Until now we only had one flow: starting the application, requiring user input (perhaps) and displaying one result. question ? answer1 : answer2. Short-Circuit logical operators are && and ||. Instead of using the ternary operator to handle a null value and set the default values, you can use the. You need to know three things about the operators in Table 2. Java Program to find Largest of three numbers using Ternary Operator; Java Program to find the smallest of three numbers using Ternary Operator; Operator Precedence in Java. In the following example, this operator should be read as: "If someCondition is true, assign the value of value1 to result. Most often these operations are arithmetic (addition, subtraction, etc), but not always. Java puzzle 11: Operators Sar Maroof is a professional software development teacher, gives master classes and publishes technical articles. Why would you want. Ternary Operator. "The null conditional operator prevents the execution of a method if the caller object is null. Ternary operator takes three arguments 1. The above code is a very simple demonstration of if the conditional operator and if we change the value of age to something other than ’20’ then nothing. It is, however, a preferable choice when the condition will be met by a single variable, because it can improve performance and is easier to maintain. A nd is written as && and is used when you want to check if more than one condition is true. This course is Part 3 of the Java tutorial series. Conditional operators are also called as Ternary Operator. However, If I change the initial build step to return 1, none of the other steps are executed, Jenkins just marks the build as failed and stops. First one is, by using division operator, and second method is by using bitwise operator in Java. false ? anything is short-circuit evaluated to false. example usage1: if a is animal && (and) b is man, print something. Baru kemudian nilai "x" ditambahkan. Here is a simple Java ternary operator example:. Good Day Dungmai: Thks for your reply. Using if, else, and else if together. Long", otherwise there won't be a question. You need to know three things about the operators in Table 2. - that give you conditional compilation, closures, templates, operator overloading and various other nonstandard bits and pieces that still generate jvm bytecode. The ternary operator is one which is similar to if else block but which is. Ben Nadel shares his code formatting approach to the Conditional Ternary Operator in languages like ColdFusion and JavaScript. The "AND" operator is a logical operator that turns two true/false values into a single true or false value. Java Operators in Hindi - Operation on AND(a&b) Decimal ValueBinary Value अगर a = 20, b = 12 हो तो, 200 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 120 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 40 0 0 0 0 1 0 0. Java conditional operator is also called ternary operator because it has three operands, such as - boolean condition, first expression and second expression. Here is a simple Java ternary operator example:. Conditional Control Structure(Decision Making Statements) in Java. Java supports two selection statements- if and switch. This expression itself evaluates to 7. Ternary Operator Example. com is for Java and J2EE developers, all examples are simple and easy to understand, and well tested in our development environment. It is a special type of operator with three parts i. The most common relations are comparisons between two operands using the. It is also called a Conditional Operator. 5 Posted on May 18, 2018 by Awais Hafeez We are pleased to announce the new monthly release of Aspose. The null conditional operator allows you to check for the instance of a null and replace a returned value or to return a value. The modulus operator works on integers (and integer expressions) and yields the remainder when the first operand is divided by the second. Java provides logical operators. Java Project Tutorial - Make Login and Register Form Step by Step Using NetBeans And MySQL Database - Duration: 3:43:32. String Comparison Operators. Conditional Operator [?:] : Ternary Operator in C++. The "AND" operator is a logical operator that turns two true/false values into a single true or false value. The formatting of these operators means that their precedence level is unimportant. 5 Posted on May 18, 2018 by Awais Hafeez We are pleased to announce the new monthly release of Aspose. Bitwise Operators in C Uses of Bitwise Operations or Why to Study Bits 1. The operators used in such expressions are referred to simply as operators. Let’s make it clear with a table. They are also called as Ternary Operator. It's simply a question of picking the right conditional operator or operators for the job. c program leap year using conditional operator C program to find leap year using conditional operator - InstanceOfJava This is the java programming blog on "OOPS Concepts" , servlets jsp freshers and 1, 2,3 years expirieance java interview questions on java with explanation for interview examination. This operator is of the form:. Ans: A combination of characters is called as string. The logical AND and OR operators both take two operands. The very first operand must be a boolean expression, 3. It’s a conditional operator which performs an operation based on a condition being true or false in a single line test instead of multiline if-else complexity. freecodecamp. * Students will determine the Java implementation for less than, less than or equal, greater than, * greater than or equal, equal, not equal, and, or, and not, as well as conditional branching statements. JAVA Programming Assignment Help, Java conditional operator expression, Question: a) Change the following example, using the Java's conditional operator expression, to solve the duplication problem. "Explaination:Whether you are novice or experienced developer you must be familiar with null reference exceptions. @Ayush Yes, Ternary operator is available in Python from version 2. All the other operators have names, such as addition, unary negation, or binary negation, but this one is only described by its syntax. print(9 // 4) The // operator is an integer operator in Python 3. Introduction to the Java Programming Language goto, operator overloading, automatic coercions, free. Relational operators often are used with conditional operators to construct more complex decision-making expressions. The Java Script Conditional Operator uses a question mark (?) and a colon (:) as a short-cut way to create an if/else statement. The formatting of these operators means that their precedence level is unimportant. In this source code, you are going to learn about Conditional Operator in Java programming language. In Velocity the equivalent operator can be used to directly compare numbers, strings, or objects. To explain the ternary operator in PowerShell, let's first start off with an example of an if/then construct. Conditional Compilation Variables. GNU C extends the usage of the conditional operator to allow omitting the middle operand, so it may be used as a binary operator too. WAP in java to display Absolute value of a given no using conditional operator //Absolute value using conditional operator import java. Condition factors out the Object monitor methods (wait, notify and notifyAll) into distinct objects to give the effect of having multiple wait-sets per object, by combining them with the use of arbitrary Lock implementations. Although it has been covered in under Basic Java Operators, we want to give a review. Java Operators in Hindi - Operation on AND(a&b) Decimal ValueBinary Value अगर a = 20, b = 12 हो तो, 200 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 120 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 40 0 0 0 0 1 0 0. Problem:- Write a Hackerrank Solution For Day 3: Intro to Conditional Statements or Hacker Rank Solution Program In C++ For " Day 3: Intro to Conditional Statements " or Hackerrank 30 days of code Java Solution: Day 3 Intro to Conditional Statements or Hackerrank solution for 30 Days of Code Challenges. Java If-else Statement | Conditional Statement in Java Tutorial is today’s topic. instanceof is a binary operator used to test if an object is of a given type. It also has assignment, function calls and parentheses for grouping. 3, in which a red ball moved steadily down and to the right, eventually moving off the screen. LINQ Reporting Engine Supports Null-Conditional Operators in Template Expressions in Aspose. A ternary operator uses? and: simbles. JavaScript conditional statements are used to perform various tasks based on different conditions. Java Strings. "The null conditional operator prevents the execution of a method if the caller object is null. Ternary Operator In Java 1. Following is the syntax of conditional operator: Expression1 ? expression2 : expression3; Expression 1 is condition, evaluated as true or false. The switch statement. The operator for conditional-and is a pair of adjacent ampersand characters &&. This article explains about conditional operator and type cast operator available in java. Java provides logical operators. Java Conditional Operators Still, the Netbeans application opened then create a new Java application project and give it the name `ConditionalOperators`. 0), and, based on the value provided, jumps to a specific case within the switch block and executes code until the break command is encountered or the end of the block. if else expression1 will be evaluated if the condition is true, otherwise expression2 will be evaluated. The best way to learn is to compile and run these programs yourself (copy, paste, compile and run !). Subsequent conditional build steps using the 'Always' and 'build status: success/success' run as expected, and the conditional step using 'build status: failure/failure' doesn't. Conditional operator: second operand is neither a throw-expression nor of type void hello, have this piece of code and wonder why void funtion is causing the problem:. Learn Unix relational operators and conditional statements like The if, elif, fi. Operators in C and C++. For instance one common operation is setting the value of a variable to the maximum of two quantities. The second thing you need to. All — determine whether all items emitted by an Observable meet some criteria; Amb — given two or more source Observables, emit all of the items from only the first of these Observables to emit an item. Core Java Programming for Selenium Testing, Automated Testing using Selenium and Java Programming, Java Language Fundamentals, Java Operators, Java Arithmetic Operators, Java Comparison Operators and Logical Operators. Operator Meaning == is equal to >= is greater than or equal to <= is less than or equal to < is less than > is greater than!= is not equal to Table 5. It does not support the conditional operators that the if-then statement does, nor can it handle multiple variables. b) Relational operator c) Ternary operator d) None; Which of the following is a conditional statement? a) if b) goto c) for d) none; Which of the following statements accomplishes ‘fall through’? a) for statement b) switch statement c) if-else d) none; A Java program executes but doesn’t give the desired output. The statement pq is a conditional statement which represents "If p, then q. if (condition) {. it looks like it is being explained as a!true ? then fail true : then fail or. Chapter 7 Expressions and Assignment Statements Introduction Expressions are the fundamental means of specifying computations in a programming language. This determines which operator needs to be evaluated first if an expression has more than one operator. Language: In Visual Basic, we are using Conditional Operators to evaluate a condition that applied to one or two boolean expressions. For example :. Java conditional operator is also called ternary operator because it has three operands, such as - boolean condition, first expression and second expression. Conditional operator exercises Daemon thread is a low priority thread (in context of JVM) that runs in background to perform tasks such as garbage collection (gc) etc. Tip: If your needs go beyond the capabilities of these conditional expressions, you might want to consider writing a stored procedure in a more expressive programming language. We can use ternary operator to replace switch also as shown in below example. This post is specifically concentrated on the inline conditions that are implemented by ? : operator. siponen at gmail. Working with conditional statements. Android Components. If the statement is used to control the program flow based on some conditional statements. Conditional operators: The conditional operator is the only operator that takes three arguments in Java. These are also referred to as Decision Making Statements in Java. Good Day Dungmai: Thks for your reply. Assignment Operators. com is created, written by, and maintained by Yong Mook Kim, aka Mkyong. This article explains about conditional operator and type cast operator available in java. We can use ternary operator to replace switch also as shown in below example. Transfer statements: break, continue, return, try-catch-finally and assert. Relational and conditional operators in Java attempt to ascertain the truth value — whether something is true or not — of an expression. The ternary operator is also known as the conditional operator. String Comparison Operators. Assignment Operators in Java include mathematical operatros such as plus (+), minus (-), and so on. Let’s see the following conditional statements 1. Home Java – A Practical Approach Conditional Operators. The goal of the operator is to decide, which value should be assigned to the variable. If the condition stated in the parentheses evaluates to true, then the statements are executed, otherwise the statements in the if block are skipped. General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) On May 25, 2018, a new privacy law called the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) takes effect in the European Union (EU). The best way to learn is to compile and run these programs yourself (copy, paste, compile and run !). To create the expression, you use the Boolean operators we studied in the previous lesson. Arg Guys can you correct my code? 'coz it gives me a wrong output if i input "3. the ternary conditional operator must be used as part of an expression, not as a statement of its. 3, in which a red ball moved steadily down and to the right, eventually moving off the screen. If an operand is shorter than an int, it is promoted to int before doing the operations. JavaScript Operators. Find SAP materials, SAP Real time issues, SAP Openings, SAP Resumes, SAP Tutorials with step by step navigations, SAP Certification Interview Questions etc covering almost all technical areas of SAP in ABAP, Workflow, Netweaver, Web-Services and many more. The operator is written as:. Whether the books or professionals refer to it is the ternary or conditional operator, conditional operator is correct as ternary is referring to the number of operands the operator takes The conditional operator is the only ternary operator so you can call it both ways without ambiguities. In this article from my free Java 8 Course, I will be discussing booleans and conditional statements in Java. switch statement. This article explains about conditional operator and type cast operator available in java. The results are not recorded anywhere and do not affect your grade. Java Ternary Operator Example. Words for Java 18. ← Conditional Statement in Java|set 1 Java Logical Operators → 1 thought on “ Conditional Statement in Java|set 2 ” Pingback: JAVA For Android Developer– Tutorial, Examples, And Programs | hellotech. The ternary operator is probably the saddest operator in the world. Sometimes it’s called “ternary”, because the operator has three operands. If/Else statements aren't optimal (or necessary) in all situations. Java has several comparison operators, all of which operate on two numerical values and result in a boolean value. In Velocity the equivalent operator can be used to directly compare numbers, strings, or objects. Conditional or Ternary Operator The conditional operator consists of 2 symbols the question mark (?) and the colon (:) The syntax for a ternary operator is as follows exp1 ? exp2 : exp3 The ternary operator works as follows exp1 is evaluated first. You must be tired of writing null checking code to make sure your application handles null references correctly. Java puzzle 11: Operators Sar Maroof is a professional software development teacher, gives master classes and publishes technical articles. A ternary operator uses? and: simbles. This includes registers, instruction formats, addressing, and basic arithmetic and load/store operations. E x: If the basket contains egg and the basket contains bacon, we can have egg and bacon. Conditional Operator ( ?: ) Conditional operator is the only operator in C language which requires three operands, hence known as ternary operator. Write java program to scan 3 integers values from the user and display the minimum value using conditional operator. In Java, we can use booleans to create. It finds the remainder of division of one number by. It also has assignment, function calls and parentheses for grouping. The Java Tutorials have been written for JDK 8. the second expression does not always have to be evaluated). There are also shortcut. Conditional Allocation (ternary operator) When the instructions if and else are to give a value to a variable, it is possible to make a test with a much lighter structure with the ternary operator:. 5 Posted on May 18, 2018 by Awais Hafeez We are pleased to announce the new monthly release of Aspose. How do I use the boolean negation (!) operator in Java? By Wayan Saryada in Basic , Core API Last modified: July 8, 2019 0 Comment The ! operator is a logical compliment operator. The ?: operator returns one of two values depending on the result of an expression. If used properly, ternary operator can reduce code size and increase readability of the code. true : anything is short-circuit evaluated to true. It has the lowest priority of all other python operators. This course is Part 3 of the Java tutorial series. 1: Relational operators. Ternary Operator Example. The operation results in a Boolean output that helps an application make a decision. Ternary Operator In Java 1. It asks for a value to be computed but does not by itself change any variable. Java ternary operator is the only conditional operator that takes three operands. Tags for Find Odd or Even Using Conditional Operator in C. Here we will discuss about conditional Operators. Essence of imperative languages is dominant role of assignment statements. Ternary Operator in C. Access supports a variety of operators, including arithmetic operators such as +, -, multiply (*), and divide (/), in addition to comparison operators for comparing values, text operators for concatenating text, and logical operators for determining true or false values. 2 Conditional statements Java, like all other programming languages, is equipped with specific statements that allow us to check a condition and execute certain parts of code depending on whether the condition is true or false. Using the assignment operator in conditional expressions frequently indicates programmer error and can result in unexpected behavior. Chapter 7 Expressions and Assignment Statements Introduction Expressions are the fundamental means of specifying computations in a programming language. A ternary operator uses? and: simbles. The operator (aka a conditional operator) defines a relationship between an expression The end goal is to return a true or a false so that our if statement knows which block of code to execute. This operator consists of three operands and is used to evaluate Boolean expressions. T o further enhance your if statements you can use the so-called logical operators. In JavaScript, logical operators are used for boolean logic where a boolean value may be returned depending on the outcome of an expression. java * Code for students to begin investigating conditional operators and branching in Java. Operators that evaluate one or more Observables or items emitted by Observables. Like nullable types, null-conditional operators can be used now. The major use of Boolean facilities is to implement the expressions which control if decisions and while loops. The goal of the operator is to decide which value should be assigned to the variable. ? : is conditional operator that can be efficiently used as an substitute for small if else blocks. where Exp1, Exp2, and Exp3 are expressions. Condition implementation for a AbstractQueuedSynchronizer serving as the basis of a Lock implementation. Access supports a variety of operators, including arithmetic operators such as +, -, multiply (*), and divide (/), in addition to comparison operators for comparing values, text operators for concatenating text, and logical operators for determining true or false values. between a program to display message according to marks ob. The ternary operator has a lower precedence than logical operators and most other operators. Java supplies a primitive data type called Boolean, instances of which can take the value true or false only, and have the default value false. The operator is represented by a question mark ?. Below is the basic syntax of ternary operator in java:. The following functions provide a more primitive access to in-place operators than the usual syntax does; for example, the statement x += y is equivalent to x = operator. A bit about the Ternary operator. Java Ternary operator is used as one liner replacement for if-then-else statement and used a lot in java programming. Biggest Of Three Numbers Using Conditional operator/Ternary Operator In this Program we have used the conditional operator for comparing biggest of three numbers. when you divide even number by 2, remainder is zero. If you accidentally type it just once, your code may still compile since the pipe symbol by itself is also an operator in Java, but it is not conditional OR. * Students will determine the Java implementation for less than, less than or equal, greater than, * greater than or equal, equal, not equal, and, or, and not, as well as conditional branching statements. We will learn about conditional statement and loop in their respective tutorial. else if statement 4. 12) Strings are instances of the class String. XOR (^), logical negation (!), conditional AND (&&), conditional OR (||). Types of Decision Making Statements in Java: if statement; if. This operator consists of three operands and is used to evaluate Boolean expressions. of bugs in code keeping the code clean. Java Ternary Operator Example. In Python 3, the / operator returns a decimal number. The precedence of the conditional operator is quite lower than the arithmetic, logical and relational operators. if-else-if statement 5. You're assuming. Operators (Arithmetic, Relational, Logical, Conditional, Bit-wise, Special ) Operator is a special symbol that tells the compiler to perform specific mathematical or logical Operation. This example shows how to use Java modulus operator (%). Conditional-AND – In case of && operator in Java if any of the two boolean expression is false then the result is false. Java ternary operator is the only conditional operator that takes three operands. Short-Circuit logical operators are && and ||. In this article we will learn the looping constructs and conditional statements in Java. Example 1- Conditional Operator. Java Ternary Operator. Syntax booleanExpr ? true : false Depending on the Boolean Expression, it evaluates and returns the value of trueExpr or falseExpe. Following expressions give an idea how conditional-AND operator works in Java. (msdn) there are 3 examples for c# double question mark example. Java Operators in Hindi - Operation on AND(a&b) Decimal ValueBinary Value अगर a = 20, b = 12 हो तो, 200 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 120 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 40 0 0 0 0 1 0 0. Be wary of writing nested conditional operators, even when they make a nice if-elseif-elseif--else pattern. Java has the conditional operator. The conditional operator (?:) is C++'s only ternary operator; that is, it is the only operator to take three terms. We use the logical operator to compare two conditional statement to see if they satisfy the condition to execute a piece of code. The compiler has to process the entire expression and evaluate the precedence of operators, in order to turn your long expression into a sequence of very simple operations. Assume the original value is “true”. So, the ternary conditional operator, it's like a shortcut, if else, but it's just for assigning a value. Java runs the program from the right side to the left side. The conditional operator is used to handling simple situations in a line. In this tutorial we will learn about JavaScript logical operators. 87 videos Play all Java (Beginner) Programming Tutorials thenewboston Characters, Symbols and the Unicode Miracle - Computerphile - Duration: 9:37. You could use an if / else statement, but in many cases the ternary operator is more convenient. 0), and, based on the value provided, jumps to a specific case within the switch block and executes code until the break command is encountered or the end of the block. So, the ternary conditional operator,…it's like a shortcut, if else,…but it's just for assigning a value. This article provides details about using these operators. Dynamic creation of objects vs storing them as fields. Java Conditional Operators. It's a ternary operator -- that is, it has three operands -- and it comes in two pieces, ? and :, that have to be used together. If the condition stated in the parentheses evaluates to true, then the statements are executed, otherwise the statements in the if block are skipped. if-else-if statement 5. Expression. The operator evaluates the first argument and, if true, evaluates the second argument. The switch conditional statement is basically a shorthand version of writing many ifelse statements. Don't let it scare you, it's just way to shorten conditionals. These operators cause the immediate statement in which they are contained to return a Boolean value of either true or false. NET Framework that may seem trivial, but can help improve your code by making it easier to write and maintain. Needless to say, if PHP picked up any more ternary operators, this will be a problem. Ternary Conditional Operator. To be eligible to graduate from Loyola University Chicago, you must have 120 credits and a GPA of at least 2. 0 specification a null conditional operator. We can use ternary operator to replace switch also as shown in below example. The ternary operator is also known as the conditional operator. And there are numerous compilers for other languages - prolog, scheme, etc. LINQ Reporting Engine Supports Null-Conditional Operators in Template Expressions in Aspose. NET Framework provides the Math. In good code the conditional statement should be replaced with a simple if/else statement. 1) If :-The if statement if Java's conditional branch statement. Assignment Operators The addition is : 30 The subtraction is : 10 The multiplication is : 200 The division is : 10 The remainder is : 10 The result of AND operation : 0 The result of Bitwise inclusive OR operation : 20 The result of Signed left shift operation : 20971520. One use of the ternary operator is to get the minimum or maximum of two numbers or one variable and an integer constant. Java Notes: Bitwise Operators. net with true and false sides in a single line of code? Yes, this is possible. You can do this in Java using conditional logic. Example 1- Conditional Operator. It takes three operands. var userName = "Jack"; // Set an element of an array to a value. Let's understand conditional operator in detail and how to use it. The String comparison operators ==, !=,>, <,>=, <=, and the equals() and equalsIgnoreCase() methods allow you to make alphabetic comparisons between Strings. The switch conditional statement is basically a shorthand version of writing many ifelse statements. The logical AND and OR operators both take two operands. Conditional operators support two syntaxes. The operation results in a Boolean output that helps an application make a decision. * Students will determine the Java implementation for less than, less than or equal, greater than, * greater than or equal, equal, not equal, and, or, and not, as well as conditional branching statements. Once again, in this series of posts I look at the parts of the. Java Environment Setup. Operators In Java. Core Java Programming for Selenium Testing, Automated Testing using Selenium and Java Programming, Java Language Fundamentals, Java Operators, Java Arithmetic Operators, Java Comparison Operators and Logical Operators. Ternary Operator. The statement pq is a conditional statement which represents "If p, then q. A conditional statement uses conditional logic to determine what programming statements to execute. the conditional operator can yield a L-value in C/C++ which can be assigned another value, but the vast majority of programmers consider this extremely poor style, if only because the technique's obscurity. Following expressions give an idea how conditional-AND operator works in Java. net with true and false sides in a single line of code? Yes, this is possible. If you accidentally type it just once, your code may still compile since the pipe symbol by itself is also an operator in Java, but it is not conditional OR. It is also called ternary operator because it takes three arguments. Java Conditional Operators Still, the Netbeans application opened then create a new Java application project and give it the name `ConditionalOperators`. Conditional operators allow us to perform different types of actions according to different conditions. But you're just testing a variable for a particular condition. The % operator returns the remainder of two numbers. It's a ternary operator -- that is, it has three operands -- and it comes in two pieces, ? and :, that have to be used together. Operators are special symbols (characters) that carry out operations on operands (variables and values). false ? anything is short-circuit evaluated to false. Used with care, it improves readability. Using the assignment operator in conditional expressions frequently indicates programmer error and can result in unexpected behavior. Ans: A combination of characters is called as string. Notice that the assignment operator is a single equals sign ( = ).